Obesity leads to increased risk of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and sleep apnea among many other things. There is a procedure, however, called laparoscopic surgery that is a gastric bypass procedure that attempts to reduce the amount of food that is consumed.
Obesity is a large problem in the United States. In the year 2003 a study conducted by the Center for Disease Control reported that almost two thirds of American adults were overweight. Obesity is a very hard disease to treat especially when it is not related to an endocrine problem.
It is often a lifestyle change most people are not willing to make; low calorie, low fat diets are recommended as well as vigorous exercise. Miracle diets and special metabolizing drugs are not recommended. If a patient weighs more than one hundred pounds over ideal body weight and their body mass index is greater than 35 they are considered to be obese.
Laparoscopic surgery is often a last resort treatment when dieting and exercise have failed. This will benefit the patient because it has significant weight loss. This can eliminate medical problems with diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. The benefit of laparoscopic surgery is that it is minimally invasive requiring smaller incisions and often leads to less scarring and a shorter recovery period.
Laparoscopic surgery also helps prevent the development of hernias which are very common after regular abdominal surgery. The gastric bypass procedure can be reversed but this should be considered very carefully before having the surgery. Things to consider when considering laparoscopic weight loss surgery are:
• Patients are evaluated very carefully. They are evaluated very carefully to assess their cardiovascular, pulmonary, and endocrine health. Psychological evaluations are performed because they are often seen as the most important aspect of a successful treatment because the patient must be willing to have a permanent lifestyle change. Nutritional counseling is also important to teach the new patient before undergoing laparoscopic surgery.
• Many laparoscopic surgeries are available – several are “shunt” based which bypasses a portion of the stomach. Another laparoscopic surgery is an isolated gastric bypass, adjustable gastric band, and sleeve gastrectomy.
• Laparoscopic surgery begins with four to six small openings are made in the abdomen where a camera, a light, and a surgical instrument are inserted. The stomach is filled with gas to allow for a better view of the patients stomach. Small surgical instruments do most of the work. Usually ninety-five percent of the stomach is bypassed leaving a functional are the size of an egg.
• There are a few types of gastric bypass laparoscopic surgery performed; in the adjustable band procedure the stomach is restricted by a band which can be adjusted after surgery as needed. The sleeve gastrectomy is a removal of two thirds or the stomach and the intestines are bypassed.
• Recovery from the laparoscopic surgery is usually fast for abdominal surgery. The hospital stay is one to three days and the average absence from work is two to four weeks. At home it is important to eat dietician recommended foods and have strict discipline. Follow ups are scheduled for a year after surgery to monitor the patients health closely. Usually patients will need plastic surgery to remove the excess skin around the abdomen.
Laparoscopic surgery is a great alternative to traditional abdominal surgery. Not only is it used in weight loss gastric bypass surgery, laparoscopic surgery is used for procedures like cholecystecomies and appendectomies that formerly required full sized incisions. It is a minimally invasion procedure that is a good alternative to traditional surgery because the recovery time of the patients is minimal.