Researchers and scientists have developed a new study based on the fact that in order to lose weight, it is not only important to eat healthy, but to know when we are actually supposed to eat. Simple as it sounds, the applicants in this study that preferred eating a bigger meal in the second period of the day lost a smaller amount of weight, unlike the applicants that usually ate a bigger meal earlier in the day, predominantly before 3 p.m.
This study has been started by Marta Garaulet and Frank Scheer. All the 420 applicants were from Spain. The authors of the study have decided to split the applicants into two different groups. The first group of people had lunch before 3 p.m. and the second group of applicants had lunch after 3 p.m. They have decided to focus on lunch mostly because lunch is the richest daily meal for Spaniards. The researchers were fascinated by the different statistics they came up with. The first group of applicants had great results, showing that they lost at least 25% more weight than the other group. Unlike the major difference considering lunch, other factors like appetite, sleeping or way of eating didn’t have such a strong impact on the change of the weight of the applicants.
The researchers have noticed that the people that ate later in the day have not had a big breakfast or they skipped the whole early morning meal. That way of eating has an extremely negative effect on our weight and generally, on our health. If you skip breakfast, which is probably the most important meal of the day, later in the day you might feel really hungry and overeat. Overeating might cause unwanted issues in your digestive system too. Also, some people that tend to do “fasting” for a longer period of time don’t realize that there are unwanted consequences that come after food restrictions that are done on a daily basis when a person is fasting.
Even though this study might be useful and act as a lesson for a lot of people worldwide, it must be noted that after all, this study is based on observation- the people working on the study asked the applicants to tell them what they ate throughout the day. That means that sometimes, all the information that the researchers have collected might not be 100% correct. Doctor Scheer stated that apart from eating a healthy meal every day, people should not forget when is the best time to eat their meals.
Another thing scientists and researchers have noticed that genetics are involved in obesity and sleeping duration or sleeping cycles. There is an exceptionally rare variant of a gene that is carried by people that suffer from obesity. It is called the “c” allele. When it comes to sleep duration, there is a gene that scientists call “the clock gene”. This gene has a strong effect on the circadian rhythms that occur in our bodies.