Even though it is still uncertain why food allergies occur and why their symptoms vary so much, it is an undeniable fact that they concern a high percentage of people around the world. There are a lot of studies across the globe based on treatment for various food allergies, because it is very well-known that some food allergies might cause life-threatening reactions that in some cases, if not treated immediately, might cause death. However, a new treatment for food allergies had been developed recently, and it might have a positive outcome for a lot of children that suffer from various food allergies.
This treatment is called immunotherapy, and it is based on developing a tolerance for foods that the patients are allergic to. For example, if the patient is allergic to a certain food, he will receive a small quantity of the allergen, and as time passes by, the doctors will increase the dosage.
A study that has been based on this health condition has shown amazing results, and therefore, it has given hope not just to the doctors and scientists, but to the patients that suffer from this unwanted health condition. A group of children that have suffered from an egg allergy were treated with immunotherapy, and one year after the treatment had stopped, it turned out that this type of a treatment had a positive effect on their health condition. Although it had a positive outcome and some of the children became immune to eggs, some of them did not and are still suffering from an egg allergy. The reason why in some children the immunotherapy had a positive outcome, and in some it did not is still unknown and impossible to explain.
Doctors and scientists are focused on studies based on food allergies because there are around 4% to 6% of children only in the United States that suffer from a certain food allergy. Even though a lot of these children will outgrow these allergies and will be able to eat the foods they are allergic to, it is very unlikely that fish, shellfish or peanuts allergies will ever be outgrown. Generally, children that are allergic to these foods will have to avoid these foods all the time.
Another study has shown somewhat fascinating results. 55 children that were suffering from an egg allergy had been examined and treated. Forty of them were treated with the method of immunotherapy, and 15 children were treated with the placebo method. After one year and ten months, 75 percent of the children that were treated with immunotherapy had become ‘desensitized’ to eggs, and 10 children that were also treated with immunotherapy have started consuming eggs and didn’t have any unwanted symptoms. Also, it must be noted that 15 % of the children that were treated with immunotherapy had dropped out of this particular study because of some unwanted allergic reactions. To prevent this from happening again, it is of a great importance that researchers and scientists investigate thoroughly what could trigger these types of reactions.